First aid

Lesson plan overview

This health-related ESL lesson plan is about first aid. It is most suitable for B2 level students, based on the length of the video and the grammar point included. Students will learn tons of vocabulary, will discuss their experience with giving and receiving first aid, will watch a video about common first aid mistakes, and will practise using past modals for deduction. You can combine this lesson with the following lessons: “What happens to your brain when you have a concussion”, “The importance of good posture”, “Health myths”, and “Phrasal verbs: health”.

Speaking: The lesson starts with a few discussion questions about health. Students talk about their experiences, whether or not they have been trained to give first aid, and common situations where first aid might be necessary. Next, they brainstorm items that are usually found in a first aid kit.

Vocabulary: Students match the words related to items found in a first aid kit to the correct photo. To practise, they complete 7 sentences with the correct item, depending on what it is used for. Next, students work on verb+noun collocations related to first aid (dress a wound, put on a bandage/a plaster/a cast, administer medication, perform the Heimlich maneuver/CPR, secure the airway). Then, students discuss what they should do in different situations where first aid needs to be administered, in order to practise all the words and collocations seen so far.

Listening: Students will watch a video called “10 first aid mistakes explained by a professional”. Before they watch the video, they choose the correct way to act in the situation given. The first time they watch the video, they need to check their answers. The second time they watch the video, they take notes to answer 6 questions. After that, students engage in a post-listening discussion.

Grammar: Students learn and practise past modals for deduction (must have, could have, might have, can’t have + past participle). First, the structure and use is explained and a few examples are given, followed by 3 activities to practise the past modals. First, students match the accident with the likely injury. This activity aids to provide even more examples to students. Next, students are given 6 photos and are asked to brainstorm the causes for the injury shown in the photo. Finally, the use of could have + past participle to express past action that didn’t happen is practised: students are given situations and they need to write a suitable response in each one.

As usual, there are different homework tasks included in the worksheet: 3 research ideas, and links to other authentic resources (videos and articles) for students to further develop their knowledge on the topic of first aid and to see everything that they learned in this lesson in different contexts.

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Teacher’s lesson plan

Student’s worksheet

Student’s interactive PDF

Conversation cards PDF

Pre-class activities

To send the pre-class activities to your students, copy the link below.

Vocabulary matching


The first time you watch the video, pay special attention to the correct pronunciation of the following words:

After this, follow up with a dry, sterile dressing or adhesive bandage.
For treatment, submerge the burn in water or apply cool, wet cloth until the pain subsides, then cover with a sterile gauze pad.
Insect bites are extremely common in the outdoors, and sometimes unpreventable due to the time you normally spend outside on a camp out or backpacking trip.
Wash the wound with antiseptic and apply antibiotic ointment after the removal is complete.
Chigger bites are almost unnoticeable until after they drop off of your skin, so treatment is pretty much just applying lotion to treat the immense itching sensation that their bites generate.

Comprehension questions

In-class activities

Teacher’s lesson plan
Student’s worksheet

Conversation cards PDF

Student’s interactive PDF

Additional resources

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